The most important stage of construction of any building is finishing. It is different for each type of house. And yet there are basic rules. Today we will talk about what stone houses are dressed in.
The facade is the face of the house, and its aesthetic perception depends on how correctly selected finishing materials are. In addition, the quality and method of finishing determine the durability and operating conditions of the house.
The modern market offers many types of exterior decoration, each of which has pros and cons.
Power of stone
One of the most popular materials for finishing facades is stone. Depending on the financial capabilities of the owners and the structural features of the house, natural and decorative stone is used.
A house faced with natural stone is durable, ecological, non-combustible and resistant to weather surprises in any climate zone. However, two disadvantages of this material overshadow all its advantages: high price and heavy weight.
As a worthy replacement for natural stone, a decorative one imitating various breeds was created. This method of cladding has many advantages. First, the material is resistant to temperature fluctuations, waterproof and durable, has good heat and sound insulation performance, and is able to protect the facade from mold, bacteria and fungus. In addition, the finish does not require special care and is easily mounted on any wall surface. The affordable price of such materials is important. Among the minuses – decorative stone is made with the addition of chemicals, which means that, unlike natural, it is not an environmentally friendly product.
For those for whom ecology is at the forefront of the corner, you can successfully recommend a facade decorated with face brick. This is a classic of the genre, which provides a spectacular appearance of the building and creates a special microclimate of the home. The advantages of a brick facade include: a long service life, environmental friendliness, ease of maintenance, frost resistance and the ability to store heat. A special bonus will be a wide range of colors and a variety of forms of facing bricks: today, the market offers thousands of variations that differ in shape, size, color, texture and operational characteristics.
Ceramic granite completes the line of stone facade materials. Finishing cottages with ceramic tiles or ceramic granite gives a lot of advantages, including a healthy microclimate, strength, and resistance to mechanical damage. The tile can be glossy and matte, smooth and embossed, imitate different types of natural material. It does not burn, requires almost no care and has a long service life. And the cost of such processing is much lower than that of natural stone and brick.
One of the most popular and environmentally friendly materials is wood. It gives the cottage a stylish and cozy look, improves the thermal insulation characteristics of the walls, helps maintain a comfortable temperature, protects against frost, wind and rain. The wooden construction is light and easy to install. The material is resistant to mechanical damage, but at the same time it is destroyed under the influence of moisture, so it is treated with special varnishes and primers for external finishing, which increase the period of effective operation. The biggest drawback is high flammability.
As a rule, pine, oak, and beech lining is used for wall cladding. Also, the most common types of wooden cladding include panels made of wood of different species or combined panels. They can be sheet and typed from rails.
A very popular type of finishing material is a block house: from the outside it looks like half a log, but from the inside it is flat. There is also chipping and kansas city siding.